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Citrus can be planted any time of the year, however
spring time is the best because it allows a full
season for the tree to become established before cold
Dig a hole twice as deep as the root ball -back fill
with half of existing soil and half Planting Mix,
A lawn is NOT a good place for a citrus tree, because
grass generally needs more (frequent} water and
fertilizer than is good for the tree.
Citrus trees are sensitive to TOO MUCH or TOO LITTLE
water. They will not tolerate a w soggy soil.
For established trees, water deeply and infrequently,
as opposed to frequently and shallowly. A general
guideline would be to water about every two weeks to a
depth of six feet. A trickling hose left on for 24
hours is an ideal way to water.
planted trees need water more frequently and should
not be allowed to dry out for the first 2 to 3 months.
Citrus trees planted in pots need water more often
because of the restricted root space. The smaller the
container, the more often you will need water. Make
sure to apply water long enough so that it drains out
the bottom of the container.
Fertilize with Bandini Citrus Food. Follow the label
directions for your particular variety of citrus. 3 -4
applications per year, applied at 90 day intervals is
recommended. Citrus trees in containers will need to
be fertilized more often, because the frequent
waterings they require will quickly flush nutrients
out of the soil.
Chlorosis: yellowing leaves with veins remaining dark
green *Zinc Deficiency: yellowish blotch or mottle
between leaf veins
elements may be supplied using a foliar spray or by
Citrus trees need little pruning. Prune only to remove
dead, diseased, broken or sucker branches on mature
trees have excessively dense foliage, some pruning is
necessary to admit light into fruiting areas. If
alternate fruit bearing (fruit every other year) is a
problem, thin fruit in a heavy year.
in mind that the amount of foliage on the tree is
directly related to the amount of fruit the tree will
trees tend to grow more upright and a moderate annual
heading back (reducing height of tree) is sometimes
suggested. This will reduce the crop somewhat but will
result in a more attractive, bushier tree.
DAMAGE: Symptoms of minor frost damage are yellow,
droopy or wilted leaves. Frozen leaves may not change
color but shrivel and drop before they die or dry on
the twig and remain on the tree for weeks. Young
shoots may be blackened. WAIT until new growth clearly
defines the damaged areas w before pruning
(this may mean months}. Prune off damaged twigs or
small limbs as soon as all danger of frost is past.
Citrus bark is easily damaged by the sun. Young trees
are most susceptible. Paint exposed bark with white
wash or white indoor latex paint.
& STORAGE OF FRUIT: The only sure way to
determine ripeness is to taste the fruit. Fruit color
is not an adequate indicator of ripeness. Once a fruit
is mature, most varieties can be kept on the tree for
several weeks and picked as needed. The exception is
the mandarin orange.
trees appreciate frequent "showers".
Spraying the trees down will keep the humidity high,
and leaves clean, which helps discourage pests.
pests are controlled naturally by various beneficial
insects that feed on the damaging ones. Frequent use
of pesticides will destroy the beneficial insects as
well as the unwanted, damaging ones. Spray only in
RED MITES: Leaves become speckled, silvery, then
turn brown. Frequent washing and high humidity
discourages mites. If heavily infected, use cygon
mixed with Ortho Volk Oil.
THRIPS: Young thrips, or nymphs begin to appear
around March. Symptoms are distortion of new growth
and leaves and scarring of fruit. A definite sign is a
ring around the fruit at the blossom end. Spray with
live through the winter on stems and leaves. If thrips
appear every year, spray immediately when flowers
Aphids are sucking insects which typically attack new
growth, causing leaf curling and stunting. Aphids may
transmit virus diseases. Ants feed on the aphid
secretion called honeydew. Spray with insecticidal
soap. If ants are also present, spray with Diazinon
:Like aphids, these small, sucking insects secrete
honeydew that attracts ants. Heavy infestations may
resemble snow or cotton. Mealybugs cluster on twigs or
the undersides of leaves. Ladybugs are natural enemies
of mealybugs. Treat with Malathion mixed with Ortho
These sucking insects may be red, black, brown-white,
purple or yellow in color. The insect itself exists
under a waxy protective dome-like shell. Spray AFTER
bloom and before scale becomes established on fruit.
Use Malathion, combined with Ortho Volk Oil. Do not
use oil if the temperatures are hot.
BROWN SNAILS: Symptoms include irregular holes in
leaves and pits or scars on fruit. Snails sometimes
completely cover the trunk with their shells.
Hand-picking is a very effective control, for just a
few trees. Or, use snail bait such as "That's
DROP: Large amounts of young fruit drop from the
trees. Trees appear healthy otherwise. Some fruit
normally drops every year as a natural thinning
process. If excessive amounts of fruit seem to be
dropping, the tree is being watered too little or too
DROP: Citrus trees are evergreen but will shed
some leaves throughout the year. Lack of water,
nitrogen, insects and frost injury may cause leaves to
FRUIT SPLITTING: Changes in weather are the usual cause of splitting fruit. High humidity after a dry weather condition may trigger this or if a mature tree is allowed to dry out for weeks, to the point of wilting and then receives deep watering. Normally only a few fruit on the trees are affected.
gardeners live in beautiful places because they make
them so. Joseph Joubert